The population of the Sikh community in India decreased from 2% to 1.7% from 2001 to 2011 census. The Indian government released the census report of 2011 where the total population of India stood at 121.09 crore. Hindus constituted 79.8% of the population, Muslims 14.2%, Christians 2.3%, and Sikhs and Budhists were at 1.7% and 0.7% respectively.
The decrease in the Sikh population can be attributed to a mass migration into foreign countries from from 2001 to 2011 and a Sikh families only have an average of 1 to 2 children.
Hindu population is 96.63 crores (79.8 per cent); Muslim 17.22 crores (14.2 per cent); Christian 2.78 crores (2.3 per cent); Sikh 2.08 (20.8 Million) crores (1.7 per cent); Buddhist 0.84 crores (0.7 per cent); Jain 0.45 crores (0.4 per cent), Other religions and persuasions (ORP) 0.79 crores (0.7 per cent) and religion not stated 0.29 crores (0.2 per cent).
The population of Sikhs in Punjab now stands at 57.6% when in 1981 it was 62.5%. If the current trend continues than the population of Sikhs will fall below 50% in the next 20 to 25 years.
The distribution is total population by six major religious communities namely, Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain besides ‘Other Religions and Persuasions’ and ‘Religion not stated’.