Diverse national and state level offices have anticipated a terrible situation for Punjab, with over a lion’s share of the state — 79% to be exact — over-misusing its sub soil water, the water found promptly underneath the top soil.
In the event that the yearly rate of fall in sub soil water, as of now 51 cm for every year, proceeds, the state would discharge all its water holds in 22 years transforming the nation’s nourishment bowl into a desert. From being sustenance maker, the state would turn into a customer.
As per a recent report by the Central Ground Water Board of the Ministry of Water Resources, 10 locale are the most exceedingly terrible influenced, including Bathinda, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Moga, Pathankot, and Patiala. There, the fall is most intense, at almost one meter a year.
The fall is clear from the way that tubewells in these areas are burrowed as profound as 300 feet to get water fit for water system.
Just 16% of the state is in a sheltered zone. Out of the 138 squares mapped, 109 squares or 79% over endeavor their sub-soil water, and 17 squares or 16% of state’s region fall in the protected zone.
As indicated by figures given by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the United States of America, the groundwater level in the state is draining at a normal of one meter at regular intervals.
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“Only we can’t be accused for the fall. There are different clients, for example, industry and residential clients who over endeavor the subsoil holds. What’s more, schools, universities and clinics squander without any potential repercussions,” said Balbir Singh Rajewal, who heads a group of the Bharatiya Kisan association.
In any case, the state agribusiness office’s figures demonstrate that of 35.78 billion cubic meter water removed from the beginning, water is utilized to develop paddy, while 0.53% is utilized by industry, and 2.82% is utilized for household purposes.
Indeed, the Government of Punjab sanctioned a law, titled Preservation of Subsoil Water Act in 2009, which commanded postponed paddy nursery and sowing exercises by ranchers in Punjab.
Punjab is one of the greatest makers of wheat and paddy.
The state agribusiness office conjectures that if the rate of fall proceeds, water up to the profundity of 100 m will complete in 12 years while the water accessible at 300 m will complete in 20-25 years.
“Falling water table is not kidding natural concern. Common society should join the push to spare our characteristic assets,” said Punjab’s secretary of agribusiness office KS Pannu.