Due to Punjab’s terrible gender ratio a decade ago, the state was labelled as the land of female foeticide, but the new study shows significant improvement. The new ratio is 907 girls to every 1,000 boys which is higher than 878 in 2009-2010.
The government launched various initiatives to improve the gender ratio after the alarming figures of the 2001 census came out.
The study mentioned that GIS mapping of registered ultrasound centres and free medical treatment of the girl child in government hospitals until age 5 has paid significant dividends.
As many as 50,000 girls have benefited from the schemes in the last year.
Experts attribute the success to strict implementation of the PCPNDT Act, 1994. “Serious efforts were made to strictly implement the PNDT Act. Now people are going to neighbouring states for sex-determination tests. There is a need for better inter-state coordination,” observed Dr Rajesh Kumar, Head, School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh.
The impressive part of the study was that Haryana posted a better figure than Punjab with 914 female birth to every 1,000 boys.