How Maharaja of Nabha Defied British Authorities

Coronation of the Rebel Maharaja Ripudaman Singh (January 24, 1912)After the ascension of Maharaja Hira Singh, Ripudaman Singh succeeded to the throne of Nabha.Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha and Bhau Arjan Singh Baghardia were instrumental in cultivating religious tendency in Ripudaman Singh and was one of the most philanthropic and rebellious thinkers among the Sikh states of the time.Normally, the Takht Nashini was held by the British Government in the presence of the British Governor.

However, Ripudaman Singh, in a rebellious tone, performed the turban-laying ceremony on 24 January 1912 in a ceremony held by Bhai Arjan Singh Bagrian, the Guru Granth Saheb ji Maharaj as Maharaja’s successor, to assume the throne as Maharaja of Nabha.

When the British government protested against this, Maharaja Ripudaman Singh made it clear: ‘What has the British got to do with my coronation? Raj Bhog is blessed by our Gurus.”He had a distinct personality and education.

He was true to his heritage and helped steer an important legislation for the Sikhs and helped nationalists. An able ruler who introduced many reforms, he laid stress on education and health, all the while fencing with the British colonial authorities who eventually deposed him.

Of all the people,During the British Raj, like many such states, Nabha had a mixed legacy of “absolute autonomy, willing acceptance of political subordination to the British, defiance of the British authorities, feeble resistance to encroachments, and dignified insistence on their own rights.”Tikka Ripudaman Singh was educated by personal tutors like Bhai Kahan Singh and Lala Bishan Das.

He had not made the journey to Chiefs’ College, Lahore, like others did. Along with English education, he received traditional training that laid a strong foundation and shaped his actions. He grew up to be a “devout Sikh, a keen social reformer and a staunch nationalist.” He defied his father, Raja Hira Singh, and succeeded in having idols removed from the parikarma of Darbar Sahib in Amritsar.

As heir apparent, his notable contribution was in steering the Sikh Marriage Act through the Viceroy’s Legislative Council which he introduced on October 30, 1908. However, his term was not renewed and he was unhappy with the dilution of the Act into Anand Marriage Act. He, however, left a mark during his tenure in the council and fought for recognition of his work, which came after a prolonged effort, when he was vindicated in the House of Commons.

The Tikka had also raised other political and social issues. His conduct in the council led to assessment by Lord Minto that he would be “a troublesome ruler”.This could be seen right from the time of his accession. Ripudaman Singh took his succession as a matter of right, and not something to be granted by the British Political Agent.

On January 24, 1912, his dastar bandi was performed by Bhai Arjan Singh Bagrain in a darbar held with due ceremony. He delayed the British-sponsored installation ceremony for as long as he could, insisting on his own interpretation of procedures. His running battle with the local British administrators, including the Governor of Punjab, Michael O’Dyer, left many scars on both sides — something that would eventually cost the Maharaja dear.Nabha’s contribution to the war effort of the British was the lowest among Indian princes.

In administration, Ripudaman Singh consolidated the good work done by his father, who had laid a solid foundation. He introduced free primary education in the state in 1913; increased the budget of hospitals and dispensaries; and introduced electricity in Nabha in 1915. In 1918, he established a Legislative Council in Nabha, the first of its kind in North India, which introduced a certain degree of democratic governance.

Ripudaman Singh sympathised with political movements inimical to the colonial power. He was supportive of the Ghadar movement, as also Bhai Randhir Singh, son of Natha Singh, an Assistant Legal Remembrancer in Nabha.

The Maharaja’s support to Sikh causes earned him respect of the masses, and the ire of British agents. He donated Rs 2 lakh to the Banaras Hindu University and, in general, behaved in a manner that emphasised the internal sovereignty of the princely states.

Via: Sukhwinder Singh

How Punjabis Took On Alexander the Great

The following text is excerpted from “Our Empire Story” by H. E. Marshall.

The part of India which Alexander invaded is called the Punjab, or land of the five rivers. At that time it was ruled by a king called Porus. He was overlord of the Punjab, and under him were many other princes. Some of these princes were ready to rebel against Porus, and they welcomed Alexander gladly. But Porus gathered a great army and came marching against the Greek invader.

On one side of a wide river lay the Greeks, on the other side lay the Indians. It seemed impossible for either to cross. But in the darkness of a stormy night, Alexander and his men passed over, wading part of the way breast high.

A great battle was fought. For the first time, the Greeks met elephants in war. The huge beasts were very terrible to look upon. Their awful trumpetings made the Greek horses shiver and tremble. But Alexander’s soldiers were far better drilled and far stronger than the Indians. His horsemen charged the elephants in flank, and they stung to madness by the Greek darts, turned to flee, trampling many of the soldiers of Porus to death in their fright. The Indian war-chariots stuck fast in the mud. Porus himself was wounded. At length, he yielded to the conqueror.

But now that Porus was defeated Alexander was gracious to him, and treated him as one great king and warrior should treat another. Henceforth they became friends.

As Alexander marched through India he fought battles, built altars, and founded cities. One city he called Boukephala in honor of his favorite horse Bucephalus, who died and was buried there. Other cities he called Alexandria in honor of his own name.

Continuing the Journey

As they journeyed, Alexander and his soldiers saw many new and strange sights. They passed through boundless forests of mighty trees beneath whose branches roosted flocks of wild peacocks. They saw serpents, glittering with golden scales, glide swiftly through the underwood. They stared in wonder at fearful combats of beasts and told strange stories when they returned home, of dogs that were not afraid to fight with lions, and of ants that dug for gold.

At length, Alexander reached the city of Lahore and marched on to the banks of the river Sutlej beyond. He was eager to reach the holy river the Ganges and conquer the people there. But his men had grown weary of the hardships of the way, weary of fighting under the burning suns or torrent rains of India, and they begged him to go no further. So, greatly against his will, Alexander turned back.

The Greeks did not return as they had come. They sailed down the rivers Jhelum and Indus. And so little was known of India in those days, that they believed at first that they were upon the Nile and that they would return home by way of Egypt. But they soon discovered their mistake, and after long journeyings reached Macedonia again.

The Legacy of Alexanders Conquest

It was only the north of India through which Alexander had marched. He had not really conquered the people, although he left Greek garrisons and Greek rulers behind him, and when he died the people quickly revolted against the rule of Macedonia. So all trace of Alexander and his conquests soon disappeared from India. His altars have vanished and the names of the cities which he founded have been changed. But for long ages, the deeds of the great “Secunder,” as they called him, lived in the memory of the Indians.

And it is since the time of Alexander that the people of the West have known something of the wonderful land in the East with which they had traded through many centuries. Via: Learn Religions

Alexander The Great’s Army Accepted Defeat at Beas River in Punjab

The Indian subcontinent campaign of Alexander the Great began in 326 BC. After conquering the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, the Macedonian king Alexander, launched a campaign into the Indian subcontinent in present-day Pakistan, part of which formed the easternmost territories of the Achaemenid Empire following the Achaemenid conquest of the Indus Valley (late 6th century BC).

After gaining control of the former Achaemenid satrapy of Gandhara, including the city of Taxila, Alexander advanced into Punjab, where he engaged in battle against the regional king Porus, whom Alexander defeated in the Battle of the Hydaspes in 326 BC,[1][2] but he was so impressed by the demeanor with which the king carried himself that he allowed Porus to continue governing his own kingdom as a satrap.[3] Although victorious, the Battle of the Hydaspes was possibly also the most costly battle fought by the Macedonians.[4]

Alexander’s march east put him in confrontation with the Nanda Empire of Magadha. According to the Greek sources, the Nanda army was supposedly five times larger than the Macedonian army.[5] His army, exhausted, homesick, and anxious by the prospects of having to further face large Indian armies throughout the Indo-Gangetic Plain, mutinied at the Hyphasis (modern Beas River) and refused to march further east. Alexander, after a meeting with his officer, Coenus, and after hearing about the lament of his soldiers,[6] eventually relented,[7] being convinced that it was better to return. This caused Alexander to turn south, advancing through southern Punjab and Sindh, along the way conquering more tribes along the lower Indus River, before finally turning westward.[8]

Alexander died in Babylon on 10 or 11 June 323 BC. In c. 322 BC, one year after Alexander’s death, Chandragupta Maurya of Magadha founded the Maurya Empire in India. Via: Wikipedia

Map of Alexander’s Invasion into Punjab:


Punjabi Girls Sold in Arab Countries Finally Return Home

An agent under false pretense from Punjab sent dozens of Punjabi girls to Saudi Arabia and Dubai who applied to work in a foreign country. The agent took money from the girls and were given just a 2 week visa. The girls overstayed their visa and became stuck in the country. They were then sold by the Arab agent to rich Arab businessmen.

Eight girls returned back to Punjab organized by Dr. S.P Oberoi after being contacted for help.

One of the girls that were brought back was sold in Dubai. She told the media that the agent had promised she would work as a housemaid for an Indian family for a pay of 25,000 rupees.

The other girl named Amritpal Kaur told the media that she was promised a stable job. She further stated that the agent falsely promised them an occupation by the Indian agent. She said she belongs to a poor family and thought going to a foreign would help uplift them from poverty.

Sikh philanthropist Dr. S.P Oberoi told the media that as many as 200 girls are currently in Arab countries who were sold by agents to rich businessmen. S.P Oberoi also told the media that over 200 girls and boys have died while being slaves in Saudi Arabia.

S.P Oberoi has brought back dozens of girls and hundreds of people by paying for their tickets and often times sending chartered planes. Dr. Oberoi told the media that the cost to bring back 1 girl costs about 6 lakh rupees.

Babbu Maan – Waaris Nalwe Da | Singh Better than King Volume 2

The song is based on the Sikh warrior Hari Singh Nalwa who ripped apart the mouth of a lion. It highlights the bravery of the Sikh people of being fearless.

Maan’s main target audience is the Punjabi-speaking population of the world. Since 1999, he has released eight studio albums and six compilation albums; has written screenplays for, acted in and produced Punjabi films; and has contributed significantly to regional and Bollywood film soundtracks. Maan is the ambassador for One Hope, One Chance, a non-profit organisation based out of Punjab.[2]

Music

Babbu Maan recorded his first album Sajjan Rumaal De Geya in 1997[1] but revised and re-released most of the songs in his subsequent albums. Maan’s first official debut album Tu Meri Miss India was released in 1999.[3][4]

In 2001, Babbu Maan released his third album Saaun Di Jhadi,[4][5] featuring songs such as Chan ChananiRaat GuzarlayiDil Ta Pagal HaiIshqKabza and Touch Wood, and in 2003, he wrote and sang for his first film soundtrack Hawayein where he worked alongside Indian playback singers Sukhwinder Singh and Jaspinder Narula. Maan released his fourth album Ohi Chann Ohi Rataan in 2004, followed by Pyaas in 2005, one of the best-selling Punjabi albums of the time.[6] In 2007, Maan released his first Hindi album entitled Mera Gham, and in 2009, his first religious album Singh Better Than King.[6] A song from the latter, Baba Nanak, a reaction to fake saints and preachers in Punjab, caused various debates about the growing phenomenon in the state.[7] In 2010 he won “Best International Artist” at the Brit Asia TV Music Awards.[8]

On 4 July 2013, Maan released Talaash: In Search Of Soul, his first Punjabi commercial album after eight years.[6][9] The album entered top 10 in World Albums chart by Billboard.[10] In 2015, the album named Itihaas was released and in 2018 Ik C Pagal was released.

In addition to Hawayein, Babbu Maan has sung in Punjabi films Waagah and Dil Tainu Karda Ae Pyar as well as for Bollywood productions Vaada RahaCrookSaheb, Biwi Aur GangsterTitoo MBA, and 31st October.

Babbu Maan has performed in shows across Asia, Australasia,[11] Europe,[12][13] North America and the Middle East. In 2014, Maan was a winner of four World Music Awards: World’s Best Indian Male Artist, World’s Best Indian Live Act, World’s Best Indian Entertainer and World’s Best Indian Album for Talaash: In Search of Soul.[14]

Maan also won two daf BAMA Music Awards Germany in 2017. via: Wikipedia

Rabindra Nath Tagore’s Response to Writing World Anthem

Veteran actor Balraj Sahni, who taught in Santiniketan in the late 1930’s, asked Rabindra Nath Tagore that,
“You have written many important anthems for India. Why not write an international anthem for the whole world?”
“It has already been written, not only for the world but for the entire universe. It was written in the 16th century by Guru Nanak,” 
replied Tagore referring to the Aarti (the ceremony of light).

In fact such was his love and respect for the verses that Tagore personally translated it too in order to make it reach many more, not knowing the language (Gurmukhi). And shared below is the first stanza of the same which I have tried to translate in English for all interested fellow seekers on the path as beautifully expressed by Guru Nanak.“Gagan Mai Thaal Rav Chand Deepak Baney,
Tarika Mandal Janak Moti,
Dhoop Malyanlo Pavan Chavro Kare
Sagal Banraye Phulant Jyoti,
Kaisi Aarti Hoye Bhav Khandna Teri Aarti.
Anhata Shabad Vaajant Bheri”
(Aarti – The word having its Sanskrit origin symbolizes the loving prayers performed as a ceremony, greeting and expressing gratitude towards the one supreme power.

And representing the same Guru Nanak beautifully describes how the whole universe is performing an Aarti in reverence towards the Almighty through its spellbinding nature around.)

“The sky is the cosmic plate or bowl, the sun and the moon are the brightly shining lamps placed. The twinkling stars and the constellations are like jewels and pearls in it. The fragrance of sandalwood in air becomes the incense spread by the flowing wind. And all the plants (greenery) around us are the flowers offered to you.What wonderful is this Aarti continuously happening in the universe.


O Destroyer of fear, Lord, this is your ceremony of lights, your Aarti, with the mystical music in the un-struck sound of the Shabad playing like the temple drums.What wonderful is this Aarti continuously happening in the universe! O Lord, Your Aarti”

This original Aarti (of four stanzas) composed by Guru Nanak is included twice in Guru Granth Sahib. However the present version sung in Gurudwara’s has four more stanzas added to it penned by Bhagat Ravi Das, Sant Sain, Sant Kabir & Bhagat Dhanna along with the final touches coming from the tenth guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh.And what better example one can find of practicing equality in humanity while remembering that supreme power, the One Almighty………Ek Onkar……through such amazingly peaceful & spiritually transforming Aarti

Via: Bobby Singh From Bobby Talks Cinema

Bernie Sanders Photoshopped Images Go Viral

Pictures of the only independent Senator of the United States Bernie Sanders go viral on social media. A picture of the democratic Presidential candidate of him wearing a mask and sitting on a chair made the rounds of social media in recent days.

The cropped image has been used on hundreds of backgrounds from Bernie being at basketball games, to sitting in an hospital room, and now at the Delhi Kisan Morcha.

The pictures of Bernie keeping warm by sitting next to a fire with Kisans in Delhi were being very widely shared on social media.

Bernie Sanders remains a favorite of Meme artists for his intellectual responses to questions. Sikhs in United States supported Bernie Sanders in larger numbers and campaigned extensively for him to become the Presidential candidate.

Many believe Bernie Sanders should’ve been the candidate for President as the establishment may have had a hand in altering public opinion.

Many people supported Bernie’s socialist ideals but it failed to gain traction among the moderates.

Photoshopped Images of Bernie Sanders Go Viral on Social Media

Pictures of the only independent Senator of the United States Bernie Sanders go viral on social media. A picture of the democratic Presidential candidate of him wearing a mask and sitting on a chair made the rounds of social media in recent days.

The cropped image has been used on hundreds of backgrounds from Bernie being at basketball games, to sitting in an hospital room, and now at the Delhi Kisan Morcha.

The pictures of Bernie keeping warm by sitting next to a fire with Kisans in Delhi were being very widely shared on social media.

Bernie Sanders remains a favorite of Meme artists for his intellectual responses to questions. Sikhs in United States supported Bernie Sanders in larger numbers and campaigned extensively for him to become the Presidential candidate.

Many believe Bernie Sanders should’ve been the candidate for President as the establishment may have had a hand in altering public opinion.

Many people supported Bernie’s socialist ideals but it failed to gain traction among the moderates.

Cropped Pictures of Bernie Sanders at Kisan Morcha Go Viral

Pictures of the only independent Senator of the United States Bernie Sanders go viral on social media. A picture of the democratic Presidential candidate of him wearing a mask and sitting on a chair made the rounds of social media in recent days.

The cropped image has been used on hundreds of backgrounds from Bernie being at basketball games, to sitting in an hospital room, and now at the Delhi Kisan Morcha.

The pictures of Bernie keeping warm by sitting next to a fire with Kisans in Delhi were being very widely shared on social media. Bernie Sanders remains a favorite of Meme artists for his intellectual responses to questions.

Sikhs in United States supported Bernie Sanders in larger numbers and campaigned extensively for him to become the Presidential candidate. Many believe Bernie Sanders should’ve been the candidate for President as the establishment may have had a hand in altering public opinion. Many people supported Bernie’s socialist ideals but it failed to gain traction among the moderates.

Sword Used by Bhai Mehtab Singh on Massa Rangar Discovered

The picture of a sword used by Bhai Mehtab Singh on Massa Rangar was recently seen on Twitter. The sword is claimed to be kept safe as a historical artefact by the descendants of Bhai Mehtab Singh.

The sword Bhai Mehtab Singh used to decapitate Massa Ranghar in a mission to reclaim Sri Harmandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) from the Mughals in 1740.

Who was Massa Rangar?

Chowdhary Massa Rangar was traitor of Mandiali (also known as Mandiala, which is in Nakodar, Punjab), who desecrated the Golden Temple in 1740. He was put to death by Sukha Singh and Mehtab Singh. Chowdhary Massa Rangar of Mandiali was the most notorious and in charge of the Amritsar circle. He desecrated the Golden Temple by smoking and drinking inside there while watching dancing girls. Armed watchmen were posted around for his safety.

Zakaria Khan, irritated by the Sikhs’ resistance and his failure to subdue them, obtained the orders from Nadir Shah to annihilate the Sikhs from Punjab. Accordingly, it was advertised that if a person helps to catch or kill a Sikh, he would be rewarded handsomely. To steal and rob from Sikhs was made legal. These orders of the government motivated many greedy people to become traitors. Cart-loads of severed heads of the Sikhs were sent to Lahore by such people to win government rewards. These traitors included Harbhagat Niranjania Chowdhary (a petty village official) of Majithia, Chowdhary of Naushehra Pannuan, and Chowdhary Massa Rangar of Mandiali.

When the Sikhs in Bikaner heard about the desecration of their holy place of worship they became very angry. Bhai Sukha Singh and Bhai Mehtab Singh decided to go to Amritsar and stop the desecration. When the Sikhs reached the Golden Temple they passed by the watchmen without anyone even lifting a finger against them. The watchmen assumed by seeing the “coin bags” that the two village collectors were going to the Chowdhary for depositing their money. When the Sikhs got inside the Harimandar Sahib the bags were put before Massa, who was drunk and watching the dances of the girls. When he bent to feel the “coins” in the bags, a sword fell like lightning and cut off his head which was picked up by the Sikhs.

Before the people inside or outside the Temple could compose themselves and know what had happened, the Sikhs on their horses had vanished. The job was performed so successfully that it brought great shame to the administration and the police of Amritsar.

Via: Sikhiwiki

Gujarat Renames Dragon Fruit to ‘Kamalam’ Due to China Link

The government of Gujrat has decided to rename the Dragon Fruit to ‘Kamalam’. The government stated the fruit resembled a lotus and which is called ‘kamal’ in hindu, hence the name.

Reportedly, the government applied for a patent to officially rename the fruit which is grown in Kutch area of Gujarat.

According to an official, the name dragon fruit reminds people of China and so it was decided to be renamed.

Some farmers of Punjab are trying new crop which consume less water as compared to traditional crops. This is dragon fruit which fetches handsome earning too. While farmers in Punjab are struggling to make ends meet some farmers are innovating and planting exotic fruits for income.

Members of Sikh Community to be Part of Biden Administration

(Washington)- It’s being learnt that several members of the Sikh community will be part of the newly formed Joe Biden Administration. The newly formed government of the United States of America will have Sikh community members who worked as staff for the campaign to elect Joe Biden as the 48th President of the United States.

The names are not announced officially but it is learnt from top sources that there are 2 Sikh men who will hold a position in the White House either as staff or government officials.

In recent days, the Biden Administration announced Sabrina Singh to be the deputy Press Secretary of the United States, which will be the first time a Sikh person held a ranking White House position.

Sabrina Singh named White House Deputy Press Secretary. The announcement was made on Friday by US President-elect Joe…

Posted by Daily Sikh Updates on Saturday, January 16, 2021

Sikhs came out in major support for President Joe Biden with most Sikhs who also campaigned for Hilary Clinton. A source revealed that one of the Sikh men is a close advisor to the Biden Campaign and may hold a position close to the oval office.

It is a proud moment for the Sikh community as the Biden Administration looks to have a diverse administration.