Rare Jewels that once belonged to Maharani Jindan Kaur, the last wife of Sikh Empire ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and which were later inherited by her granddaughter, Princess Bamba Sutherland, were among the highlights of an auction in London.
As per reports in The Tribune collective lot of a gem-set gold forehead pendant, or chand-tikka, a gem-set gold mirrored roundel and a pearl-mounted gold pendant went under the hammer for over 62,500 pounds and other rare artefacts dating back to the 19th century also attracted many bids at the Bonhams Islamic and Indian Art sale this week.
The auction house believes the jewellery in the sale this week was almost certainly within the casket of jewels handed back to Maharani Jindan Kaur by the British authorities when she agreed to live in London with her son, Duleep Singh, with whom she was reunited in Calcutta in 1861.
Seven-year-old Gurinder Singh had just entered class V and suddenly found himself struggling immensely with two fundamental tasks – writing and art. “Gurinder had never faced any problem in academic life. But complaints about him not finishing homework or not writing notes in the class started reaching us,” says Sandeep Singh, his mother.
This was in 2015, and Gurinder’s Hyderabad-based parents, Sandeep and Pavitter, were in a fix. Sandeep says they failed to understand the problem initially. When they asked Gurinder, he would only say that his writing speed had reduced and he was not able to cope with the writing pace of the class.
“We started analysing his writing style and technique to realise his problem. Gurinder was left-handed,” Sandeep said.
Explaining the difficulty, Sandeep said, “For left-handers, writing becomes difficult as the hand blocks the view between the eyes and the previous word written in the sentence.”
Sandeep said the natural solution to solve the issue becomes to lift the hand to increase visibility. “The position of the hand becomes like a hook and is called ‘hooked position’, which slows down the pace of writing,” she added.
A Sikh leader from Calcutta was invited to a Durga Puja event where he fed an Idol on stage. The leader was called by Akaal Channel where he issued an apology over the matter. He stated that in order to keep harmony among the communities he attended the event but should have used better judgement.
A Sikh man protested outside of Patel Nagar, Delhi Domino’s pizza due to the international chain restaurant not paying rent for 3 years. The man stood outside with a sign taped to him and a large sign on his car.
The man made an appeal on social media:
He peacefully protested outside in an effort to get some of his rent paid. A video of the man was made and went viral on social media. The company under pressure from people on social media paid the man part of his rent.
Manjinder Singh Sirsa wrote on social media:
“S. Gurdeep Singh of East Patel Nagar thanks everyone for the support. He got a partial payment of rent due from Domino’s Pizza outlet. He has been promised that all his dues will be cleared by the company. That’s the power of raising our voice on social media”
The Sikh landlord gave a thank you message to Sikh Sangat around the world:
Members of the Satkar Committee and other groups have alleged that they were beaten by the SGPC task force after being kept in the Teja Singh Samundari Hall.
Satkar Committee representatives told the media that they were attacked inside the hall and kept captive. They alleged the members were sitting peacefully inside but the task force resorted to beating them with sticks.
A violent clash occurred between the Satkar Committee and the SGPC Task Force outside the SGPC HQ offices. The Satkar Committee has continuously protested outside of the SGPC office over the missing 200 plus Guru Granth Sahib Ji Saroops.
The protest took a violent turn after the lock of the gate was broken.
Several media persons reported of being caught in the violent clash.
The Punjabi community along with local Councilwoman Adrianne Adams inaugurated Punjab Avenue as the intersection of 101st Avenue and Lefferts Boulevard in Richmond Hill, NY.
The avenue comes as a celebration to the success of the local Punjabi community in the area.
Local Sikh leader Harpreet Singh Toor wrote on social media thanking the local politician.
“Thanks to Councilwoman Adrianne Adrienne Adams for getting this done. A proud moment for Punjabi community as 101st Ave in Richmond Hill, NY is Co-Named as Punjab Ave. These pictures are the courtesy of Councilwoman Adrianne Adrienne Adams office.”
He also inaugurated Paediatric Heart Hospital at the U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre in Ahmedabad, developed at an investment of Rs 470 crore by the state’e health and family welfare department.
Besides, he launched a 2.3 km-long ropeway project on Mount Girnar near Junagadh city a major pilgrimage site here.
The DSGMC Head Manjinder Singh Sirsa announced that he would be providing Rajinder Singh, the disabled man who sells incenses for a living on a road in Amritsar. Photos of him selling incenses went viral which initiated the DSGMC to provide the man with an electric tricyle for his well being.
The man is a true example of hard work and honesty that he refuses to beg despite being disabled.
“Today I spoke on the phone to Rajendra Singh of Amritsar and I have promised him that Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee will soon provide him an electric tri-cycle. We are trying our best to make the disabled people self-reliant.”
Subhas Chandra`s call to Indian prisoners of war was well received and 1,200 men, mostly Sikhs, were recruited during the first six months for a training camp set up at Frankenburg.This camp was the precursor of the Azad Hind Fauj. It was initially named Lashkar-iHind or Indian Legion and its strength in the West rose in due course to 4,500. The name of the political organization corresponding to the Indian Independence League in the East was the Free India Centre.
Japan`s entry into the War on 8 December 1941 and her rapid conquest of Malaya and Singapore, with Thailand`s capitulation into neutrality, radically changed the situation so far as India was concerned.Certain Indian nationalist sections such as the Socialist Party and Forward Bloc entertained hopes of liberating the country with Japan`s help. Indians, mainly Sikhs, living in Malaya, Singapore and other countries of the region had set up two secret anti British groups, led by Giani Pritam Singh and Swami Satyananda Puri, respectively. A Japanese officer.
Major Fujiwara, head of the field intelligence section in the region` had, even before the declaration of war by Japan, contacted Giani Pritam Singh and reached an agreement of collaboration with him at Bangkok on 4 December 1941.Following the Japanese advance in North Malaya, Fujiwara and Pritam Singh reached Alorstar on 14 December 1941. It was here that Captain Mohan Singh, a straggler from the 14 Punjab Regiment overrun by the in order in the town. All Indian prisoners of war and stragglers were put under his charge.
Kuala Lumpur fell on 11 January 1942 with 3,500 Indian prisoners of war and Singapore on 15 February 1942 with 85,000 troops of whom 45,000 were Indians.Mohan Singh asked for volunteers who would form the Azad Hind Fauj to fight for freeing India from the British yoke.A large number, again mostly Sikhs, came forward. Mohan Singh established his headquarters at Neeson in Singapore with Lt Col.
Niranjan Singh Gill as Chief of Staff, LtCol. J.K. Bhonsle as Adjutant and Quarter master General and LtCol. A.C. Chatterjee as Director of Medical Services. The Azad Hind Fauj, however, was formally established on 1 September 1942 by which date 40,000 prisoners of war had signed a pledge to join it.Meanwhile another organization, Indian Independence League, had materialized under the leadership of Rash Behari Bose, veteran Indian revolutionary, who had escaped to Japan in June 1915 and become a Japanese citizen.
He arranged two conferences of Indians in the East to discuss political issues. The Tokyo Conference, 2830 March 1942, besides establishing the Indian Independence League, resolved to form an Indian National Army. The Bangkok Conference, 1523 June 1942, formally inaugurated the Indian Independence League adopting the Congress tricolour as its flag.One of the 35 resolutions passed by it invited Subhas Chandra Bose to East Asia.
Through another resolution Captain Mohan Singh was appointed commander in chief of the Army of Liberation for India, i.e. the Indian National Army.The Indian Independence League, which undertook to supply men, materials and money to the Army, established a Council of Action, with Rash Behari Bose as president and Mohan Singh as one of the four members with charge of the military department. News of the Quit India movement launched by the Congress Party in India in August 1942 afforded further encouragement, and the Azad Hind Fauj was formally inaugurated on 1 September 1942.Difficulties, however, arose soon after.
Mohan Singh (now General) was disillusioned regarding the intentions of the Japanese, who wanted to use the Indian National Army only as a pawn and a propaganda tool.He was also dissatisfied with the functioning of the Council of Action and the Indian Independence League, who failed to secure Japanese recognition and official proclamation regarding the existence of the Fauj. The other members of the Council of Action, on the other hand, were unhappy with Mohan Singh for his arbitrariness in military matters.The crisis came on 8 December 1942 when the Japanese arrested Colonel Niranjan Singh Gill branding him to be a British agent, without informing General Mohan Singh, whose protest was ignored and who was not even allowed to see Colonel Gill.
On the same day the three civilian members of the Council of Action resigned.On 29 December 1942, General Mohan Singh was removed from his command and was taken into custody by the Japanese military police. The Indian National Army was disarmed.Efforts to revive it were made by Rash Behari Bose who appointed a committee of administration to manage its affairs.
Subhas Chandra Bose, popularly called Netaji (lit. respected leader), left Europe on 8 February 1943 and arrived at Tokyo on 13 June 1943. After discussing matters with the Japanese prime minister, General Tojo, he came to Singapore on 2 July 1943. Two days later Rash Behari Bose handed over the leadership of the Indian Independence League to him.On 5 July 1943 Netaji revived the Azad Hind Fauj, giving it the battlecry “Chalo Delhi” (“March to Delhi”) and the salutation “Jai Hind” (“Victory to India”).