Baba Ramdev talks about the supreme sacrifices made by Guru Gobind Singh Ji and his entire family for the protection of India.
The rise of the Khalsa
The Guru was then named Gobind Singh instead of Gobind Rai. Guru Gobind Singh was the first one to take Amrit from the Khalsa, the Five Beloved Ones. About 80,000 men and women were baptized within a few days at Anandpur. “The creation of the Khalsa was the greatest work of the Guru. He created a type of superman, a universal man of God, casteless and country less. The Guru regarded himself as the servant of the Khalsa. He said, “To serve them pleases me the most; no other service is so dear to my soul.” The Khalsa was the spearhead of resistance against tyranny.” (Miss Pearl, S. Buck)
The creation of the Khalsa created a sense of unity among the Sikhs and their supporters. This unity and the resulting perceived strength in the Sikhs did not go well with the local rulers. The continuous gatherings at Anandpur sahib and the presence of many thousands of the congregation, some armed with fierce weapons caused anguish with the surrounding hill Rajas. These developments most alarmed the caste ridden Rajput chiefs of the Sivalik hills. They perceived the Sikhs as lower caste beings who had posed no danger to their authority. However, the creation of the Khalsa changed that. Firstly, it disturbed their system of discrimination and division; secondly, they could see that the forces of the Guru were becoming dangerous in number and in armaments.
Siege of Anandpur
They hence rallied under the leadership of the Raja of Bilaspur, in whose territory lay Anandpur, to forcibly evict Guru Gobind Singh from his hilly citadel. Their repeated expeditions during 1700-04 however proved abortive. The Khalsa forces were too strong to be dealt with by the hill Rajas. They at last petitioned Emperor Aurangzeb for help. In concert with contingents sent under imperial orders by the governor of Lahore and those of the faujdar of Sirhind, they marched upon Anandpur and laid a siege to the fort in May 1705.
Over the months, the Guru and his Sikhs firmly withstood their successive assaults despite insufficient amounts of food resulting from the prolonged blockade. While the besieged (Sikhs) were reduced to desperate straits, the besiegers (governor of Lahore) too were exhausted at the courage of the Sikhs. At this stage the besiegers offered, on Oath (promise) of the Qur’an, safe exit to the Sikhs if they quit Anandpur. At last, the town was evacuated during a night of December 1705. But as the Guru and his Sikhs came out, the hill monarchs and their Mughal allies set upon them in full fury.
Sikhs “tricked” by the Mughals
In the ensuing confusion many Sikhs were killed and all of the Guru’s baggage, including most of the precious manuscripts, was lost. The Guru himself was able to make his way to Chamkaur, 40 km southwest of Anandpur, with barely 40 Sikhs and his two elder sons. There the imperial army, following closely on his heels, caught up with him. His two sons, Ajit Singh (born. 1687) and Jujhar Singh (born. 1691) and all but five of the Sikhs fell in the action that took place on 7 December 1705. The five surviving Sikhs commanded the Guru to save himself in order to reconsolidate the Khalsa.
Guru Gobind Singh with three of his Sikhs escaped into the wilderness of the Malva, two of his Muslim devotees, Gani Khan and Nabi Khan, helping him at great personal risk. Guru Gobind Singh’s two younger sons, Zorawar Singh (born. 1696), Fateh Singh (born.1699), and his mother, Mata Gujari Ji, also evacuated Anandpur but were betrayed by their old servant and escort, Gangu, to the faujdar of Sirhind, who had the young children executed on 13 December 1705. Their grandmother died the same day.
Chronology of the main events in Guru Gobind Singh’s life
|1||December 22nd, 1666||Birth at Patna Sahib|
|2||May, 1673||Arrival at Anandpur Sahib|
|3||July, 1677||Marriage with Mata Jeeto Ji|
|4||1682||Repulsing the attack of Raja Bhim Chand on Anandpur|
|5||May, 1685||Maklaavaa of Mata Jeeto Ji (who adopted the name ‘Sundari’)|
|6||July, 1685||Guru Ji leaves Anandpur for Paonta Sahib|
|7||November, 1686||Birth of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji|
|8||October, 1687||Battle of Bhangani|
|9||November 1688||Return to Anandpur Sahib|
|10||1689||Battle of Nadaun|
|11||March,1690||Birth of Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji|
|12||1694||Khanzada attacks Anandpur|
|13||1695||Battle with Hussain Khan|
|14||1697||Birth of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji|
|15||1699||Birth of Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji|
|16||Vaisakhi, 1699||Creation of the Khalsa|
|17||September 1699||Skirmishes with Raja Bhim Chand|
|18||December 1700||Attacked by the combined forces of the hill chieftains|
|19||January 1701||Leave Anandpur for Nirmoh|
|20||January 1702||Battle of Nirmoh|
|21||March 1702||Goes to Basoli April|
|22||June 1702||Occupation of Kalmot|
|23||August 1702||Return to Anandpur|
|24||February 1703||Repulsing the attacks of the hill-chieftains|
|25||June 1704||Repulsing the combined attack of hill-chiefs and Mughals|
|26||December 1704||Evacuation of Anandpur|
|27||December 1704||Battle of Chamkaur and martyrdom of S. Ajit Singh Ji and S. Jujhar Singh Ji|
|28||December 1704||Martyrdom of S. Zorawar Singh Ji and S. Fateh Singh Ji|
|29||May, 1705||Battle of Khidrana|
|30||June 1705||Battle of Muktsar|
|31||July 1705||Reach Sabo-ki-talwandi (Damdama Sahib)|
|32||November 1705||Start from Damdama Sahib to meet emperor Aurangzeb|
|33||February 1706||Death of Aurangzeb|
|34||March 1706||Guru Ji receives news of death of Aurangzeb|
|35||July 23rd, 1707||Guru Ji meets Bahadur Shah at Agra|
|36||November 1707||Moves towards Deccan|
|37||September 1708||Reach Nanded|
|38||October 7th, 1708||Jyoti Jyot (Guru Ji leaves his body)|