Baba Ramdev on Sacrifices Made by Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Family (Video)



Baba Ramdev on Sacrifice by Guru Gobind Singh… by dailysikhupdates

Baba Ramdev talks about the supreme sacrifices made by Guru Gobind Singh Ji and his entire family for the protection of India.

The rise of the Khalsa

The Guru was then named Gobind Singh instead of Gobind Rai. Guru Gobind Singh was the first one to take Amrit from the Khalsa, the Five Beloved Ones. About 80,000 men and women were baptized within a few days at Anandpur. “The creation of the Khalsa was the greatest work of the Guru. He created a type of superman, a universal man of God, casteless and country less. The Guru regarded himself as the servant of the Khalsa. He said, “To serve them pleases me the most; no other service is so dear to my soul.” The Khalsa was the spearhead of resistance against tyranny.” (Miss Pearl, S. Buck)

The creation of the Khalsa created a sense of unity among the Sikhs and their supporters. This unity and the resulting perceived strength in the Sikhs did not go well with the local rulers. The continuous gatherings at Anandpur sahib and the presence of many thousands of the congregation, some armed with fierce weapons caused anguish with the surrounding hill Rajas. These developments most alarmed the caste ridden Rajput chiefs of the Sivalik hills. They perceived the Sikhs as lower caste beings who had posed no danger to their authority. However, the creation of the Khalsa changed that. Firstly, it disturbed their system of discrimination and division; secondly, they could see that the forces of the Guru were becoming dangerous in number and in armaments.

Siege of Anandpur

They hence rallied under the leadership of the Raja of Bilaspur, in whose territory lay Anandpur, to forcibly evict Guru Gobind Singh from his hilly citadel. Their repeated expeditions during 1700-04 however proved abortive. The Khalsa forces were too strong to be dealt with by the hill Rajas. They at last petitioned Emperor Aurangzeb for help. In concert with contingents sent under imperial orders by the governor of Lahore and those of the faujdar of Sirhind, they marched upon Anandpur and laid a siege to the fort in May 1705.

Over the months, the Guru and his Sikhs firmly withstood their successive assaults despite insufficient amounts of food resulting from the prolonged blockade. While the besieged (Sikhs) were reduced to desperate straits, the besiegers (governor of Lahore) too were exhausted at the courage of the Sikhs. At this stage the besiegers offered, on Oath (promise) of the Qur’an, safe exit to the Sikhs if they quit Anandpur. At last, the town was evacuated during a night of December 1705. But as the Guru and his Sikhs came out, the hill monarchs and their Mughal allies set upon them in full fury.

Sikhs “tricked” by the Mughals

In the ensuing confusion many Sikhs were killed and all of the Guru’s baggage, including most of the precious manuscripts, was lost. The Guru himself was able to make his way to Chamkaur, 40 km southwest of Anandpur, with barely 40 Sikhs and his two elder sons. There the imperial army, following closely on his heels, caught up with him. His two sons, Ajit Singh (born. 1687) and Jujhar Singh (born. 1691) and all but five of the Sikhs fell in the action that took place on 7 December 1705. The five surviving Sikhs commanded the Guru to save himself in order to reconsolidate the Khalsa.

Guru Gobind Singh with three of his Sikhs escaped into the wilderness of the Malva, two of his Muslim devotees, Gani Khan and Nabi Khan, helping him at great personal risk. Guru Gobind Singh’s two younger sons, Zorawar Singh (born. 1696), Fateh Singh (born.1699), and his mother, Mata Gujari Ji, also evacuated Anandpur but were betrayed by their old servant and escort, Gangu, to the faujdar of Sirhind, who had the young children executed on 13 December 1705. Their grandmother died the same day.

 

Chronology of the main events in Guru Gobind Singh’s life

#DateEvent
1December 22nd, 1666Birth at Patna Sahib
2May, 1673Arrival at Anandpur Sahib
3July, 1677Marriage with Mata Jeeto Ji
41682Repulsing the attack of Raja Bhim Chand on Anandpur
5May, 1685Maklaavaa of Mata Jeeto Ji (who adopted the name ‘Sundari’)
6July, 1685Guru Ji leaves Anandpur for Paonta Sahib
7November, 1686Birth of Sahibzada Ajit Singh Ji
8October, 1687Battle of Bhangani
9November 1688Return to Anandpur Sahib
101689Battle of Nadaun
11March,1690Birth of Sahibzada Jujhar Singh Ji
121694Khanzada attacks Anandpur
131695Battle with Hussain Khan
141697Birth of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji
151699Birth of Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji
16Vaisakhi, 1699Creation of the Khalsa
17September 1699Skirmishes with Raja Bhim Chand
18December 1700Attacked by the combined forces of the hill chieftains
19January 1701Leave Anandpur for Nirmoh
20January 1702Battle of Nirmoh
21March 1702Goes to Basoli April
22June 1702Occupation of Kalmot
23August 1702Return to Anandpur
24February 1703Repulsing the attacks of the hill-chieftains
25June 1704Repulsing the combined attack of hill-chiefs and Mughals
26December 1704Evacuation of Anandpur
27December 1704Battle of Chamkaur and martyrdom of S. Ajit Singh Ji and S. Jujhar Singh Ji
28December 1704Martyrdom of S. Zorawar Singh Ji and S. Fateh Singh Ji
29May, 1705Battle of Khidrana
30June 1705Battle of Muktsar
31July 1705Reach Sabo-ki-talwandi (Damdama Sahib)
32November 1705Start from Damdama Sahib to meet emperor Aurangzeb
33February 1706Death of Aurangzeb
34March 1706Guru Ji receives news of death of Aurangzeb
35July 23rd, 1707Guru Ji meets Bahadur Shah at Agra
36November 1707Moves towards Deccan
37September 1708Reach Nanded
38October 7th, 1708Jyoti Jyot (Guru Ji leaves his body)

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