Mahatma Gandhi felt it was not in the larger interests of the country for him to make it a condition to ask for commutation of Bhagat Singh’s death penalty. In Gandhi’s own writing he has stated that to hang Bhagat Singh sooner and before the Congress delegation session in Karachi.
Below are the official quotes from Gandhi’s own writing:
In that connection, Gandhi himself wrote in his Young India, “I might have made the commutation a term of the settlement. It could not be so made. The Working Committee had agreed with me in not making the commutation a condition precedent to truce. I could, therefore, only mention it. “It shows that if the Mahatma Gandhi had wished, he could have insisted and got their commutation agreed to. But a leader who could go to the extent of stating to the Viceroy, that “ if the boys should be hanged, they had better be hanged before the Congress (Karachi) Session, than after it”, could hardly be expected to secure the commutation of the death sentences of Bhagat Singh and his comrades. It will not be out of place to mention here that Mahatma Gandhi even refused to co-operate with the prominent leaders in the matter of raising a memorial to the three after their execution. On being approached by the All India Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru and Sukhdev Memorial Committee, Lahore to assist in raising a memorial to those three national heros, he replied to the General Secretary of the Committee,:
Source: “History of the National Congress”
On March 23, 1931 Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore with Rajguru and Sukhdev. His supporters, who had been protesting against the hanging, immediately declared him as a shaheed or martyr. Singh was cremated at Hussainiwala on banks of Sutlej river. Today, the Bhagat Singh Memorial commemorates freedom fighters of India.