101 Reasons Why Sikhs Are NOT Hindu

This post by Daily Sikh Updates Editors

This Chart gives 101 reasons why Sikhs are not Hindu on the basis of their philosophy, view of God, religious practices and beliefs, as well as principles and teachings. Both religions originated in the Indian subcontinent; Hinduism about 3,000 years ago and Sikhism in the second half of the last millennium. While Hinduism is considered polytheistic, Sikhism is a monotheistic religion.

Sikhs respect all religions and this post is to only show differences in almost every single category of why Sikhs are not Hindus. “Hum Hindu Nahin”

The following is to prove to anyone who has a doubt. The following reasons cover all major questions one might have on the difference of the 2 religions.

Hum Hindu Nahin

         Topic                                                                          Sikhism

1) Place of originIndian SubcontinentPunjab, in an area which was partitioned into modern-day Pakistan. Sikhs are now predominant in Indian-Punjab.
2) Place of worshipTemple (Mandir)Gurdwara for congregational worship. Anyone may enter a Gurdwara, however-no matter their faith, caste, or skin color. Personal worship can be done in any place at any time. God resides in everything and everyone.
3) PracticesMeditation, Yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.Daily prayers. The three pillars of Sikhism are: a) To remember God at all times which includes being thankful to God for what you have been given, b) To live your life honestly/with integrity and c) Sharing what you have with those less fortunate.
4) AboutDevotion to the various gods & goddesses of Hinduism.A Religion spread by 10 Gurus to preach to worship one creator
5) Religious LawDharma shastrasNo necessary laws but a sikh may follow the 3 rules of their life such as 1)Naam Japna (remember/meditate on God) 2)Vand K Shakhna (give to those who need it) 3)Kirat Karna (earn by honest means).
6) Life after deathA constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached.A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. Sikhs believe that there are 8,400,000 forms of life and that many souls have to travel though a number of these before they can reach Waheguru. The goal is to merge with God.
7) FounderNot credited to a particular founder.Guru Nanak Dev Ji
8) ClergyNo official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns.The Granthi is appointed as one take care of Guru Granth Sahib besides No clergy. Raagi who sings the Granth Sahib Baani in Respective Raagas.
9) Use of statues and picturesCommonNot allowed as considered Idolatry. Pictures of the Sikh Gurus are considered Idolatry and are not accepted from a religious perspective. Gurus maybe praised because they are equivalent to God.
10) PrincipleTo follow dharma, i.e. eternal lawsThe worship of the One God through prayer and devotion. Sikhs are required to meditate on God’s name to clear their mind and eliminate the 5 evils. Meditation is also used to bring oneself closer to God.
11) DefinitionThe word Hindu has geographical significance and was used originally for those people who lived beyond the river Sindhu or the region watered by the river Indus. Hindus themselves, call their religion “Sanatana Dharma, ” meaning “Eternal Law.”Disciple, student or learner of God.
12) Time of origincirca 3000 B.C.E1469 AD.
13) Literal MeaningThe followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person. Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya.Sikh means “Student” in Persian-Punjabi. It Means To Learn.Sikh means a person who learn all his life from others.
14) MantraGayatri mantra,Wahe Guru
15) Status of AdamN/A.Only God knows who was created first and who will be created last.
16) Means of salvationReaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. Fight 5 evils (5 sins) – Greed, Ego, Attachment, Anger, and Lust. Meditate, pray, and improve your relationship with God and God will forgive, cleanse, and save you.
17) Goal of religionTo break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible. To love and obey God unconditionally. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed that we should not be afraid of God’s wrath, but instead be afraid of not receiving the full benefits of God’s love.
18)Confessing sinsRepentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.As the Divine light is in all of us, God already knows of our “sins”. We are to pray to God for God to forgive us and cleanse us. Only through God and doing Good Deeds in God’s name in a way that God is pleased can we obtain salvation-escape from sin
19)Day of worshipOrthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk.Every day Sikhs worship the one God at their homes, even with or without a Gurdwara service.
20)Human NatureDepends on sects. preachers of nonviolencePeople are essentially good; the divine spark within them needs only to be fanned into a flame of goodness. Sinning is following the veil of illusion “Maya”. Karma is unavoidably paid if you sin.
21)MarriageVedic verses and going around fire 4 timesAnand Karaj Ceremony, Lavaan from Guru Granth Sahib Ji
22)Concept of GodGod is in everything and everything is God.Self Created, Indestructible, Unborn, Creater of Universe, Guru Nanak was sent by god
23) Saint and SoldierPreaches in nonviolenceBelieves in Picking arms at last resort for self defenses purposes only.
24)RitesSome Hindus believe in a “thread ceremony” for men.Amrit Sanchar (Being Initiated into the Khalsa. Equivalent to baptism.).
25)God’s role in salvationBeliefs vary by sect. Upanishads (scripture) say God chooses who gets salvation. Salvation is attained via good deeds and righteousness (following the “dharma” and avoiding sin)God is generous and loving. mankind will reincarnate until he knows the true  path and merges with god.
26)Belief of GodMany gods, but realize that they all come from Atman.Monotheism
27)Status of MuhammadN/A.Saint, a guru of time. He is mentioned in Sikhism- but is used to name the guru incarnate of god.(irrelevant to some)
28)Manglacharan“om shri ganesh namah”“Ik onkar satgur parsad
29)View of other Abrahamic religionsHinduism is a Dharmic religion, not an Abrahamic religion.All faiths will get what they work towards. Sikhism does not condemn others to Hell or say if you are not Sikh you are eternally damned. Sikhs prays for “Sarbat Da Bhala”, meaning the good and prosperity of all Humanity regardless of differences.
30)BranchesMyriadSahajdharis – who are clean shaven but have chosen the path of Sikhism & eventual baptism. The Khalsa, who are baptized and follow the traditional practices of Sikhi.
31)Names of GodBrahmanWaheguru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh.
32)View towards other Dharmic religions of IndiaThey believe that Buddhists, Jains, & Sikhs should reunite with Hinduism(which is the original Dharmic religion).Sikhs respect other Dharmic religions.
33)Followers HindusSikhs
34)Use of statues, images yes Shabad is Guru
35)Status of womenWomen can become priestesses or nuns.Sikhism teaches that men and women are 100% equal in the eyes of God. Women have the exact same rights as men and are to be respected and honored. God loves both equally and neither is better than the other.
36)MarriageMan may marry one woman. However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman.Marriage can be arranged or it can be a love marriage. Monogamistic, against premarital sex. Marriage is the merging of two souls as one.
37)Identity of JesusN/A.Jesus is looked as a “saint”. Sikhs do not believe that Jesus is God because Sikhism teaches that God is neither born, nor dead. Jesus was born and lived a human life, therefore, he cannot be God. However, Sikhs still show respect to all beliefs.
38)Population1 Billion.30 million
39)Original Language(s)SanskritPunjabi was the original language in Sikhism and Persian also but Sikhs can learn as many languages as they want to learn.
40)View of the BuddhaSome Hindu sects claim Buddha was an avatar of Vishnu. Others believe he was a holy man.Sikhs respect religion of Buddha
41)Religion which atheists may still be adherents ofCharvakas and Sankyas are atheistic groups in Hinduism.A person must believe in God to be a Sikh
42)Use of statuesAllowedForbidden
43)Can atheists partake in this religion’s practices? No formal policy to not allow Yes
44)Geographical predominanceIndia, NepalIndian Punjab, hundreds of thousands in the US, Canada, UK , Europe, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere.


45)Religious scripturesHave faith in VedasSri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
46) Holy places of pilgrimage go to GangaNo Pilgrimage “Tirath nahavan jao tirath naamhai”
47) Direction of worshipEastGod is present everywhere and in all directions.
48)Time of bathTake bath after sunriseSikhs have shower every day early in the morning but they do no believe that bathing leads to liberation.
49) Rituals Hindus have the rituals of wearing Janeo and MundanThe Sikhs have Khandey Di Pahul.
50)CharityGive charity to Pandits,Sikh feeding a poor man is like making offering to Guru Sahib. (Gharib da munh Guru di golak)
51) Articles of faithHave Tilak, Mala and JaneoSikhs have five Kakars (Kes, Kangha, Kara, Kachhehara, and Kirpaan)
52)CasteYesSikhs don’t believe in Caste system
53) Taboo of RitualFor Auspiciousness of day/time/moment, good and bad omens, fasts, Sharadhs (rituals for the deceased)All time is equal
54) Marriage BoundariesMust marry within casteMust Marry a Sikh
55) Ashrama Dharma theoryFirm belief in theory that dividing man’s life into four stagesInstead the Gurus emphasized living the householders life. Rejection of the Varna distinction of division of human society into higher and lower castes.
56) Avtara theoryBelieve in incarnations of God The Gurus stressed that there is only one God, rejects this theory
57)Mukti Once he achieves salvation he does not live for the community In Sikhism the Gurmukh achieving salvation lives to save others.
58) six Shastras Mastery will bring salvationRejected
59)Sanskrit as sacred languageYesNo
60) Conversionbased on a rigid caste system which one can only be born into, but can neither marry to become, nor convert to. Devotees are welcome to worship deities but must wait to take birth or rebirth into the hierarchy of the Hindu caste system in hopes that righteous deeds will allow them to reincarnate into an upper caste.does not actively seek converts, but accepts anyone regardless of background who wishes to be initiated
61) Appearancemen may go bare headed, wear a cap, or a festive turban over cut hair. Aesthetics may shave heads or grow hair and a beard, but generally do not wear turbans.Cover and protect unshorn hair, Wear Turbans
62) Yogaoutlines a very detailed of 8 limbs and 4 types of yoga designed to prefect the body and soul.ritualistic yoga to be an entrapment which presents an obstacle to spiritual growth.
63) Fasting Fasting is done on auspicious occasions for a variety of reason to purify body and soul.Sikhism does not believe in ritual fasting as a means to spiritual enlightenment.
64) MeatDietary law forbids eating meat from a cow onlySikh who decides to indulge in meat eating is restricted only against eat an animal slaughtered ritually according to Muslim lawhalal
65) SymbolsTilak, Rosary, DhotiFive Kakkars (Kirpan, Kangha, Kes, Kara, Kacherra).
66) Revered IndividualsBrahminKhalsa of the Guru
67) Important DaysJanam Ashtami, Raam NaumiGurpurabs (days of the Gurus)
68)  OfferingsChoorma (mixture of various grains), fruitsKarah Parshaad
69) ScriptDevnagriGurmukhi


70) GreetingsNamaste or Ram RamWaheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh
71) Places of WorshipThakurdwara, ShivalaGurdwara Sahib
72) Holy AnimalCownone, all equal
73) Support of EarthEarth is supported up by a giant bullBelief in Astrophysics
74) Who revealed sacred textsRishisGurus, Bhagats, and Bhatts compilations makes up Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj
75) DiwaliHindus celebrate the return of Rama and SitaRelease of 52 Princes From Gwalior Fort, Bandi Chhor Diwas the actual name
76)Householder’s life Celibacy and SanyasBelieve in householder life and social responsibility
77)Brotherhood Hierarchical caste –Sudras not fit for BhaktiBelieves in equality and brotherhood


78) MoralityAll morality is supernal-moral. To do only one’s caste duty or ritual acts.Man’s spiritual assessment of his virtuous deeds. By our deeds we are near or away form God. Higher than Truth is truthful living.
79) Connecting With GodMeditational. Also value of ritualism accepted.Man’s spiritual assessment of his virtuous deeds. By our deeds we are near or away form God. Higher than Truth is truthful living. Always rembering god’s name
80) God’s WillRealization of I am Brahman Goal is to be the instrument of Gods Will.
81) Highest AuthorityVarious GroupsAkal Takht
82) Astrology Symbols Believers in Astrological signs and symbolsNot believers in this
83) Distinctive IdentityOnly Pandits are recognizable due to dressRecognizable anywhere due to turban, kara, and Khalsa Bana
84) SignOM SignEk Onkar and Khanda
85) Dress Code at Place of worshipNo formal dress code just appropriate wearHead Must be covered with appropriate clothes


86) Definition of FaithDifferent Sects have different definitions ex. Shiv-bhakt, Vishnu-bhakt, Durga-bhakt,A Learner and Disciple of the Guru
87) Animal WorshipCertain Animals are more respected then othersWorshipping only Akal Purakh, the creator of all beings
88) Women equalityCaste-rules and severe restrictions.Women are equal to men. SO KION MANDA AAKHIE JIT JAMME RAJAN
89) RapeWomen become impure if rapedWoman are equal, often times they become daughters of the Khalsa who take care of them.
90) DowryFirst started by HinduismGurus Rejected the Dowry system
91) Planet WorshipWorshipped by Brahmins due to bad effects from certain planetsSikhs only worship Akal Purakh the creator of the Universe
92) MokshaBelievers in  release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by karma.Don’t believe in Mokhsha but believe in final rest at Guru’s feet and mergeness with Almighty
93) Seeking Advice/ Life LessonsVedasGuru’s Shabad


94) Animal Sacrifice for godAllowed and done oftenStrictly not allowed
95) Holy Scripture Organization StructureVedas are organized by Various Topics and Categories. They are further divided into chapters and sub chapters of each topic. Mantras, Spiritual and literature knowledge.Guru Granth Sahib Ji is organized By Musical Measures divided into 31 Raags. Meant to be Sung
96) Iron/ SarblohIf one eats from iron plate[3] then the food is equivalent to ordure and the food goes to hell. (Atri Sanhita)Iron is the supreme metal and Amrit is prepared in bowl of iron
97) SatiIn Some places Still in India Sati is being performed where after a Husband dies, wife throws herself on funeral fire.Totally Against Sati, Guru Amar Das Ji ended the practice in most places in Punjab.
98) RitesRights are performed by Following Hindu ShashtrasRites are done by Gurmat, Guru’s Hukam. Shabads are recited at Birth, Marriage, and Death.
99) Cow UrineUsed for purification purposesSikhs Reject this completely.
100) BhadanBhadan (ceremonial shaving) is an important element of the rites of death. Without this even a beginning cannot be made.“O brother, give up the rite of Bhadan[5](ceremonial shaving). Such was told to all the Sikhs. Do not do Bhadan and do not touch your head with a razor. At the death of father or mother Guru gave this advice.”
101) ImpurityWherever you hear of death of your relation or of birth of a child, at that very time you are supposed to jump in water, fully clothed[1]. (Laghu Atri Sanhita, Ch. 5)If one accepts the concept of impurity, then there is impurity everywhere. In cow-dung and wood there are worms. As many as are the grains of corn, none is without life. First, there is life in the water, by which everything else is made green. How can it be protected from impurity? It touches our own kitchen. O Nanak, impurity cannot be removed in this way; it is washed away only by spiritual wisdom. ||1|| (Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Ang 472


Conclusion: HUM HINDU NAHIN!!!

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