Sahibzada Ajit Singh (11 February 1687 – 7 December 1705), the eldest of four sons of Guru Gobind Singh, was born to Mata Jito ji (also known as Mata Sundari ji) at Paonta sahib on 11 February 1687.
Here are 8 Facts about Sahibzaada Ajit Singh:
- Soon after the creation of the Khalsa on 30 March, 1699, he had his first test of skill. A Sikh sangat coming from Pothohar, Northwest Punjab, was attacked and looted on the way by the Ranghars of Nuh, a short distance from Anandpur Sahib across the River Sutlej. Guru Gobind Singh sent Sahibzada Ajit Singh, barely 12 years of age then, to that village. Ajit Singh at the head of 100 Sikhs reached there on 23 May, 1699, punished the Ranghars and recovered the looted property.
2.Once a Brahman came to Guru Gobind Singh’s darbar. He complained that some Pathans of Bassi, near Hoshiarpur had taken his newly-wedded wife away by force. Sahibzada Ajit Singh offered to help the Brahman to recover his wife. As instructed by Guru Gobind Singh, on 7 March 1703 he took out 100 horsemen to Bassi, near Hoshiarpur. With this band of young brave Sikhs, Baba Ajit Singh fell upon Bassi during the night. He arrested the Pathans responsible for the wicked deed. He recovered the Brahman’s wife. He took the wicked Pathans to Anandpur the following morning. The Brahman’s wife was restored to him. The wicked Pathans were punished, suitably and severely.
3. In the prolonged siege of Anandpur in 1705, Sahibzada Ajit Singh again displayed his qualities of courage and steadfastness. When, at last, Anandpur was vacated on the night of 5-6 December, 1705, he was given command of the rearguard.
4. An unequal but grim battle commenced with the sunrise on 7 December, 1705 – in the words of Guru Gobind Singh’s Zafarnamah, a mere forty defying a million. The besieged, after they had exhausted the meagre stock of ammunition and arrows, made sallies in batches of five each to engage the encircling host with sword and spear. Sahibzada Ajit Singh led one of the sallies and laid down his life fighting in the thick of the battle. Gurudwara Qatalgarh now marks the spot where he fell, followed by Sahibzada Jujhar Singh.
5. An annual fair is held in commemoration of their martyrdoms on the 8th of the Bikrami month of Poh (December/January). The martyrdom of two of the sons of Guru Gobind Singh in the battle of Chamkaur is substantiated by a contemporary record in the form of an official letter preserved in a MS., Ahkami Alamgiriby Emperor Aurarigzib’s official letter writer, Mirza ‘Inayat Ullah Khan Ismi (1653-1725). The relevant extract from the MS., translated into English, reads:
Received the letter containing miscellaneous matters including the arrival of Gobind, the worshipper of Nanak, to a place 12 kos from Sirhind; the despatch of a force of 700 with artillery and other material; his being besieged and vanquished in the haveli [i.e. large walled house] of a zamindar of village Chamkaur and the killing of his two sons and other companions; and the capture of his mother and another son.
6. Guru Gobind Singh thanked God for helping Ajit Singh to live up to his father’s expectations. The Guru thus proved that for the cause he was fighting, he would not hesitate to offer his own sons for sacrifice, while demanding the same supreme sacrifice from his Sikhs. The Sikhs were as dear to him as his own sons.
7. Ajitgarh, one of the largest cities in Punjab lying adjacent to its capital Chandigarh, has been named in the memory of Sahibzada Ajit Singh, Ajitgarh (‘Home of Ajit’). It is located in the district of the state which is also named after him Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar District.
8. When Baba Ajit Singh attained Shaheedi, Guru Sahib roared a Jaikara of “Sat Siri Akal” full of emotions and courage – a salutation to the Almighty for the blessing of such a brave son.
Sources: Sikhiwiki, DiscoverSikhism, and AllAboutSikhs.com