The mass murderer of Sikhs and the man who was responsible for the Wadda Ghallughara(40,000 Sikhs died)
Ahmed Shah Abdali recognized the founder of the Patiala Kingdom Ala Singh as his ally due to the support he gave Abdali.
The surprising thing of all is that Guru Gobind Singh Ji had written an Hukamnama in 1697 addressed to the sons of Phul (Grandfather of Ala Singh), the name of the sons were Tiloka and Rama. Rama was the father of Ala Singh. The Hukamnama specifically asked for the help from the two sons and their men during Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s battles against the Mughals. The Patiala Kingdom later in history became to self concerned in establishing their own empire that they wanted to having nothing to do with the Khalsa Raj and the rising Misls, but to develop their own raj.
1)Ahmed Shah Abdali made Ala Singh a Raja, given the title of “Raja-e-Rajgan Bahadur” and was given a robe of honor and a caparisoned horse. Due to Ala Singh’s loyalty to Ahmed Shah Abdali, he was given land, elephants, horses, camels, cannons, jewelery, and plenty of cash. Due to the support from Abdali, Ala Singh conquered lands of Samana, Barnala, and founded Longowal. On March 29, 1761, Ala Singh paid five lakhs to Abadali and recognized as the ruler of the territories, which were 326 towns and villages.
2) Ala Singh wasn’t in support of the rising Sikh Misls and the Misls knew of his dealings with the Mughal and Afghan Empires. The Sikhs Misls had planned to attack and destroy Ala Singh and his army but due to Sardar Jassa Singh Alhuwalia’s intervention, Ala Singh was saved.
3) The Wadda Ghallughara happened during February 1762, where about 40,000 Sikhs were killed by Abdali and despite that in 1764 Ala Singh came to terms with Abdali and was again crowned as a Raja with robes and royal gifts. Abdali also handed Ala Singh the city of Sirhind and surrounding Villages.
To read history of the Wadda Ghallughara Click Here
4) The descendent of Ala Singh and new ruler of the Kingdom of Patiala, Sahib Singh made a deal with the British in 1804 to be protected by them as he feared Maharaja Ranjit Singh would take over the Cis-Sutlej States.
5a) The grandson of Sahib singh and new ruler of the Patiala Kindom Karam Singh sided with the British in the First Sikh War and used his Sikh troops to fight against the Sikh Empire Troops.
5b) During the first rebellion for independence in India in 1857-1858, the Patiala Kingdom was the first to give open support to the British to not rebel and was in good company with the British. Note: This is also a time when Sikhs gave many sacrifices to free India and the Patiala Kingdom was against seccession. Even Karl Marx called the Patiala Ruler “Rajah of Patiala–for shame!”
6) Maharaja of Patiala refused to Condemn the Jallianwala Bagh Incident and Instead wrote to General O’Dwer that what he did was not wrong:
These reasons are extracted from the Book:
THE MAGNIFICENT MAHARAJA By K. Natwar-Singh
By Daily Sikh Updates Editors