310 Years Ago, Mughals Betray Sikhs After Promise of Safe Passage

Left Anandpur Sahib After Promise of Safe Passage

Under the pressure of a prolonged siege with food and ammunition exhausted, Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj and 400 Sikhs left Sri Anandpur Sahib on the bitter cold and rainy night of December 20, 1704. The Mughals and Ajmer Chand’s league of Rajput Hill Chieftains had offered Guru Sahib a safe passage to leave Anandpur Sahib on an oath sworn on the Quran, an oath that had been signed by emperor Aurangzeb, as well as, an oath swore on the cow (which Hindus consider sacred) by the Rajput Chieftains. However, their respective ‘Holy’ oaths proved to be meaningless as they lost little time betraying their promises to Guru Sahib, almost as soon as the Sikhs had left the safety of their impregnable fortress.

Maharaj writes in the Zafarnama:
13: Aurangzeb! I have no trust in your oaths anymore. (You have written that) God is one and that He is witness (between us).
14: I don’t have trust equivalent to even a drop (of water) in your generals (who came to me with oaths on Koran that
I will be given safe passage out of Anandgarh Fort). They were all telling lies.
15: If anyone trusts (you) on your oath on Koran, that person is bound to be doomed in the end.

Promise Broken, Sikhs Attacked


In the early hours of the [intervening night of 20,21,December 1704] at the rivulet Sarsa, at a distance of about 25KM from Anandpur Sahib, the Guru and his Sikhs were attacked by the Mughal army, breaking their oath of assuring safe conduct. In the confusion, which followed the attack in the cold and darkness, many Sikhs became Shaheed (martyrs).

Singhs battle

Separation of Younger Sahibzaade and Mata Gujri Ji While Crossing River Sirsa

A group of Singhs fought the armies, keeping them back while the rest of the Sikhs, Guru Sahib and Guru Sahib’s family crossed the rivulet in the heat of the battle. Many Sikhs perished attempting to cross the frigid waters of the turgid, rain swollen rivulet. Their bodies ware swept away by the swift current. During the confusion, the Guru’s mother and his two youngest sons, Guru’s Mahil got separated from the Khalsa forces. Of the 400 hundred that had left Anandpur, only the Guru, his two eldest sons, the [Panj Piaras] ( Five Beloved ones) and 40 Sikhs were able to cross the river and regroup on the other side.
Gurdwara Parivar Vichora has been built on the spot of the battle, during which the Guru’s mother and his two youngest sons got separated from the band of Sikhs.

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